PhD special call: PhD position within Dynamic Effects of Education on Productivity and Labor Supply

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Aarhus BSS Graduate School, Aarhus University invites applicants for a PhD Scholarship within Dynamic Effects of Education on Productivity and Labor Supply at the PhD Programme Economics and Business Economics.

The position is available from 1 February 2022 (or as soon as possible thereafter).

The research project
The PhD position is part of a project which contributes to the development of empirical estimates and policy assessments (regneprincipper) of so-called welfare investments, that is, public activities and spending which affect future employment, income, and thus public finances (dynamic expenditure effects). The overarching theme of the project is investment in education. Education is pivotal both from an individual and a societal angle, and one of the areas where public spending is high (Denmark has among the highest public spending on education – as a share of GDP – in the OECD). Specifically, the project focuses on skill mismatch and dynamic effects. Dynamic effects of education likely arise across the entire population. However, there is a need for a special focus on the unskilled or adolescents at risk of not obtaining a qualification. Decades of internationalization and increased competition have reduced the number of low-skilled jobs in most industrialized countries, and automation will likely further reduce the demand for low-skilled workers. In the long-run, wages will adjust in response to skill mismatch. The fiscal sustainability of welfare arrangements depends critically on maintaining a high employment rate. Current projections assume the employment rate to remain high, but do not explicitly address the challenges arising in the labour market due to skill- and task biased changes. Accordingly, it is important to understand how these factors influence employment rates, and thus potentially require educational and labour market policies to sustain high employment rates. Thinking about policy changes or additional focus on educational policies, however, requires requires further knowledge about the extent and consequences of skill mismatch in the Danish labor market. There are two major themes to consider in a skill mismatch analysis. Firstly, it is necessary to estimate the extent to which different types of human capital can substitute for each other, i.e., the elasticity of substitution. Secondly, it is important to allow for equilibrium responses to skill premia by incorporating general equilibrium effects.

The specific projects to be pursued will be decided jointly with the successful candidate. The successful candidate should have strong training in economics and econometric methods, and be interested in applied research.

This is part of a joint projected with researchers at VIVE, Copenhagen University and the DREAM modelling group. The team at Aarhus University include Jonas Maibom, Michael Svarer and Torben M. Andersen.

Further information
For further information about the position, please contact Professor Torben M. Andersen, Email: tandersen@econ.au.dk

If you need help uploading your application or have any questions about the recruitment process, please contact HR supporter Ulla Prisholm Bjørn, Tel.: +45 9352 1364, Email: upb@au.dk

Place of work
Fuglesangs Allé 4, DK-8210 Aarhus V

Formal requirements
You can read more about how to apply in the application guide and find the rules and regulations of the PhD education here.

The following criteria are decisive in the assessment of the candidates:

  • the applicant’s academic qualifications (assessed on the basis of the qualifying degree)
  • the quality and relevance of the project proposal
  • the applicant’s level of academic aptitude and assessed ability to complete the project within the framework of the PhD programme
You can read more about the assessment procedure and committees appointed by the dean here.

Applicants are very much encouraged to supply documentation as to how they rank compared to their class (both Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees). This may for example be in the form of a letter from your University stating either how you rank as an individual student compared to other students the year you graduated ("ranks as no. 6 out of 111" or "ranks as among the best 8 percent") or if that is not possible, general information from your University as to how grades were distributed in the year of your graduation, will be appreciated.

Please note that Aarhus BSS Graduate School reserves the right to evaluate the applications on the basis of the documentation received before deadline, and you will not necessarily be asked for further documentation. Furthermore, Aarhus BSS Graduate School reserves the right to reject application that do not comply with the limitations as stated in the application guide (see link above).
Aarhus University’s ambition is to be an attractive and inspiring workplace for all and to foster a culture in which each individual has opportunities to thrive, achieve and develop. We view equality and diversity as assets, and we welcome all applicants.

Aarhus University
Aarhus University is an academically diverse and research-intensive university with a strong commitment to high-quality research and education and the development of society nationally and globally. The university offers an inspiring research and teaching environment to its 39,000 students, including 1,800 PhD students, and 8,000 employees, and has an annual revenues of EUR 884 million. Learn more about the PhD programmes at Aarhus University at www.phd.au.dk.

Deadline: 14 September 2021

 

Skriv i din ansøgning, at du fandt jobbet på ofir.dk


PhD special call: PhD position within Dynamic Effects of Education on Productivity and Labor Supply

Aarhus BSS Graduate School, Aarhus University invites applicants for a PhD Scholarship within Dynamic Effects of Education on Productivity and Labor Supply at the PhD Programme Economics and Business Economics.

The position is available from 1 February 2022 (or as soon as possible thereafter).

The research project
The PhD position is part of a project which contributes to the development of empirical estimates and policy assessments (regneprincipper) of so-called welfare investments, that is, public activities and spending which affect future employment, income, and thus public finances (dynamic expenditure effects). The overarching theme of the project is investment in education. Education is pivotal both from an individual and a societal angle, and one of the areas where public spending is high (Denmark has among the highest public spending on education – as a share of GDP – in the OECD). Specifically, the project focuses on skill mismatch and dynamic effects. Dynamic effects of education likely arise across the entire population. However, there is a need for a special focus on the unskilled or adolescents at risk of not obtaining a qualification. Decades of internationalization and increased competition have reduced the number of low-skilled jobs in most industrialized countries, and automation will likely further reduce the demand for low-skilled workers. In the long-run, wages will adjust in response to skill mismatch. The fiscal sustainability of welfare arrangements depends critically on maintaining a high employment rate. Current projections assume the employment rate to remain high, but do not explicitly address the challenges arising in the labour market due to skill- and task biased changes. Accordingly, it is important to understand how these factors influence employment rates, and thus potentially require educational and labour market policies to sustain high employment rates. Thinking about policy changes or additional focus on educational policies, however, requires requires further knowledge about the extent and consequences of skill mismatch in the Danish labor market. There are two major themes to consider in a skill mismatch analysis. Firstly, it is necessary to estimate the extent to which different types of human capital can substitute for each other, i.e., the elasticity of substitution. Secondly, it is important to allow for equilibrium responses to skill premia by incorporating general equilibrium effects.

The specific projects to be pursued will be decided jointly with the successful candidate. The successful candidate should have strong training in economics and econometric methods, and be interested in applied research.

This is part of a joint projected with researchers at VIVE, Copenhagen University and the DREAM modelling group. The team at Aarhus University include Jonas Maibom, Michael Svarer and Torben M. Andersen.

Further information
For further information about the position, please contact Professor Torben M. Andersen, Email: tandersen@econ.au.dk

If you need help uploading your application or have any questions about the recruitment process, please contact HR supporter Ulla Prisholm Bjørn, Tel.: +45 9352 1364, Email: upb@au.dk

Place of work
Fuglesangs Allé 4, DK-8210 Aarhus V

Formal requirements
You can read more about how to apply in the application guide and find the rules and regulations of the PhD education here.

The following criteria are decisive in the assessment of the candidates:

  • the applicant’s academic qualifications (assessed on the basis of the qualifying degree)
  • the quality and relevance of the project proposal
  • the applicant’s level of academic aptitude and assessed ability to complete the project within the framework of the PhD programme
You can read more about the assessment procedure and committees appointed by the dean here.

Applicants are very much encouraged to supply documentation as to how they rank compared to their class (both Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees). This may for example be in the form of a letter from your University stating either how you rank as an individual student compared to other students the year you graduated ("ranks as no. 6 out of 111" or "ranks as among the best 8 percent") or if that is not possible, general information from your University as to how grades were distributed in the year of your graduation, will be appreciated.

Please note that Aarhus BSS Graduate School reserves the right to evaluate the applications on the basis of the documentation received before deadline, and you will not necessarily be asked for further documentation. Furthermore, Aarhus BSS Graduate School reserves the right to reject application that do not comply with the limitations as stated in the application guide (see link above).
Aarhus University’s ambition is to be an attractive and inspiring workplace for all and to foster a culture in which each individual has opportunities to thrive, achieve and develop. We view equality and diversity as assets, and we welcome all applicants.

Aarhus University
Aarhus University is an academically diverse and research-intensive university with a strong commitment to high-quality research and education and the development of society nationally and globally. The university offers an inspiring research and teaching environment to its 39,000 students, including 1,800 PhD students, and 8,000 employees, and has an annual revenues of EUR 884 million. Learn more about the PhD programmes at Aarhus University at www.phd.au.dk.

Deadline: 14 September 2021

 

Skriv i din ansøgning, at du fandt jobbet på ofir.dk


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